Douglas Stock Gallery offers a wide range of antique Oriental rugs, though we specialize in a few types in particular. Here is some background information on rug types you will frequently find at Douglas Stock Gallery.
BIDJAR RUGS: Known as “The Iron Rug of Persia”, Bidjar rugs were woven in northwest Persia’s Kurdistan Province. The construction of Bidjar rugs is what makes them so durable. In the weaving process, a metal comb and hammer are used to pack down the rows of knots and multiple weft threads (horizontal foundation threads) are used. This results in a “double knot” or “depressed knot”, where one half of the knot appears almost directly over the other half. This, coupled with generally very high grade wool, results in a heavy weight textile that is dense and durable. In antique Bidjar rugs, natural dyes were generally used into the 1920s. In our selection of contemporary hand woven Bidjar rugs, both natural dyes and hand spun wool are used, similar to the traditional process used in the production of Bidjar rugs in the 19th century.
Bidjar weavers used a wide range of designs, including the Harshang design of various palmettes; the Split Arabesque design, with Arabesque and strap work designs; the Mina Hani design of flowerheads and lattice work; the classical Herati design featuring a flowerhead within diamond, with leaves or fish surrounding the diamond; various versions of “open field” formats, often with a central medallion and large “anchor” pendants; the Afshan design of flowerheads and leaves; and other formats.
HERIZ RUGS: Antique Heriz rugs were woven in northwest Persia’s Azerbaijan Province. They are renowned for their splendid colors and geometric designs. Many people are drawn to geometric, “tribal”-like designs. But nomadic weavers rarely had the ability to produce room size carpets. Although Heriz is a village, and the weavers are sedentary and not part of a particular tribal group, carpets produced here are an anomaly within the general Persian carpet range, in that room size carpets tend to reflect rectilinear articulation of motifs and often a lot of open space between motifs, giving the carpet an appearance along the lines of what a large version of a tribal rug might look like.
Heriz weavers utilizied natural dyes up into the 1920s and sometimes even 1930s; and our hand woven, contemporary Heriz rugs again use natural dyes and hand spun wool.
Heriz rugs and carpets tend to be quite durable. They generally feature a coarse to medium fine weave and high wool quality.
19th century Heriz carpets are often colloquially referred to as “Serapi” carpets. The best examples can be quite expensive and are among the most prized carpets for both traditional and modern interiors, given their geometric designs and magnificent colors.